Important Aspects To Consider In The Plating And Structural Steel Drawing Process

Structural steel is the most widely used materials to develop the buildings because of some of its design compatible features. Structural steel offers optimum flexibility to the buildings and can be molded into any shape in coordination with the concrete materials.

A drafter or a designer needs to keep in mind some of the aspects before attempting to develop the plating and Structural Steel Drawing Services.

These aspects are as follows:

The internal and external loads on the completed design.

The size and the location of the different structural members.

A comprehensive layout of the design, depicting all the working points.

Details of the floor elevations.

Standard codes relating to the structural steel drawing.
A comprehensive structural steel drawing includes various essential datas such as the size and the length of the welds, the size and the length of the bolts, dimensions and angles of the plates, and the locations of the work points. The different software tools used for plating and structural steel drawing are AutoCAD, Bentley, Advance Steel, Tekla Structures and Micro-station etc.

The various benefits that the CAD software offers in the plating and structural steel drawing process are:

Easy modification of the drawings at any stage.

Access to user friendly documentation procedures.

Ability to change scales within the drawings.

Easy sharing of the drawings by different users at a single time.

Automation of the parts insertion process and various other related processes.
With the help of the advanced computer aided design tools of the software, it is being possible to develop the structural steel drawings for a wide range of project areas such as the residential and commercial buildings, large campuses and factories, power generation settings, waste water systems, water storage systems, manufacturing plants, flyovers, stadiums and tunnels etc. The software tools implement the concept of building information modeling, which helps the drafters and designers to develop drawings which can effectively be converted into photorealistic visualizations of the whole structural project.

drawing room

So called living room in interiors is also called drawing room or hall. Today the interior decor has changed dramatically over the time. Today’s lifestyle has become more informal in turn making this room decoration more difficult and complicated, comfort levels required for relaxing have also become more and more demanding due to multi use of this space. First and foremost, today interior of living rooms should be a comfortable place for conversation and interaction with family members and guest alike, also this room is a place of entertaining such as listening to music, watching television and reading. Because of all these activities are done while sitting, so selecting chairs and sofas and deciding their placement is critical. Formal interior dcor with period furniture can also include comfortable upholstered pieces that could serve the purpose of long time sitting in an informal way. In a living room maximum numbers of upholstered pieces of furniture are used compared to interior of any other room. So for this reason the fabric/leather plays a prominent role, irrespective of style and type of dcor soft furnishing provides maximum opportunity to the designer to make a statement. Use of good quality of fabric in the furniture will save the reupholstering cost as well as help to extend the life of the chair/sofa. A good backdrop in the interior dcor also is a very important element of any dcor and this role is played by curtains so some advice on curtains. Money is better spent on fine material and careful constructed/knitted fabric rather than elaborated designs. Curtains should be pretty and also simple if the interior dcor is not over done, if the interior dcor of the living room is simple, over elaborated designed curtain will divert the attention of the user. Style of the curtain should be guided by the architecture size of the window, if the window is tall, roman style of curtains would enhance the looks. Broad windows can have two rows of curtains, one shear and other normal. While deciding the layout of the living room one has to decide on the focal point of the room which could be a audio/video unit or the sitting layout. If one ignores this then it could lead to errors in deciding on the type of furniture and uncomfortable arrangement. Unlike other rooms i.e. bedroom or dinning room, living room will never have large piece of furniture in the center of the room. Usually the center of the living room is open so as to allow free movement, and as the center is open the flooring in the room becomes very important so visually balanced and designed flooring can contribute to the beauty of the dcor. The sole of the house, the living room is the place for entertaining guests and relaxing with the family, whether the dcor is casual or formal Victorian or modern follow your own instincts and taste while decorating the room and it will please others too.

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Handmade Drawings Vs. Cad Drafting Which One Is Best

Drawings made by human hands can be traced to the pre historic days while computer aided drafting is a recent phenomenon. Both the methods have their advantages and disadvantages and it is up to the creative artist to use any of these techniques in order to suit his needs.

Lets now make a comparative study of these two techniques before deriving at any conclusion.


In case of technical drawings being used by architects, engineers, contractors, duplication of the identical elements is often required. In this matter computer aided drawings have more advantage that those manual drawings. With the help of a CAD drafting technology an efficient designer can easily make one window or any other features, then choose it by using mouse and then reproduce it multiple times.


Achieving the target of optimum accuracy is quite difficult in case of drawing that is being created by hand. But CAD drafting technology helps you to gain precision easily. You can make adjustment to the accuracy level of the grid where you are presently working in program. In addition, you have the facility to set your computer aided drafting programs in such a way that the drawing lines are snapped to the most appropriate line of grid, thus creating correct measurements.

Cost Effective:

Quite expectedly, CAD drafting technology produces clean and clear output. Plus you do not have to spend huge expenses. Once everything is digitalized you can save your recurring expenses like buying, storing as well as carrying huge amount of paper. You also do not have to buy essential materials for handmade drawings like triangles, T-square, rulers, pencils etc Therefore, it is always best to avail the CAD drafting services since the designers and architects can make CAD drawings quicker that the paper drawings and also at reduced cost.

That is not all. Unlike manual drawings, you can take advantages that are as follows:

1) Scaling is not required as full sized CAD drawings are available.
2) Both 2 D and 3D drawings are produced.
3) CAD Drawings are generally kept on disks and not inside a huge folder.
4) All the details of production can be directly extorted from drawings.

In nutshell manual drawing is an age old technique but now technical people associated with architectural and engineering fields are using CAD drawings to a great extent.

Convincing A Landlord To Let You Paint Or Decorate

Photographs for New Renters

If your tastes are relatively neutral and your decorating ideas are classy, you may be able to convince your landlord to decorate in exchange for photographs. Your landlord can use these photographs for internet sites geared towards attracting new renters, which may help draw in additional new business and make both you and your landlord happy.

If anything, simple, neutral colored curtains and a warm neutral wall color, can make a world of difference in even the most sterile-looking of apartments. Plus, they can make existing bedroom designs and living room designs feel more warm and cozy, more homey, and everyone deserves a nice place to kick back at the end of the day!

Cover the Costs

No landlord is willing to pay to repaint your apartment, especially if youre looking to paint it a color of your choice, such as gray or beige. That being said, let your landlord know that any decorating ideas and painting that youll be doing, youll be paying for.

If thats not enough to convince your landlord, be sure to also mention that you will also pay to have the apartment returned to its original state (white paint, repaired holes and all) when your lease ends and you intend to vacate the property.

Knowing that they wont have to shell out a dime can really help sell the idea of doing a little mild redecorating and incorporating your own interior design style in an apartment space.

Have a Detailed Plan

Before approaching your landlord with any ideas, have a detailed plan. Bring paint chips, fabric samples if you plan to hang curtains and so forth.

Be versatile with your options, present several different paint colors so that your landlord feels they still have some say in their property. Dont be disappointed if they veto your dark forest green hue, but instead opt to show them lighter versions. Having multiple options available will help make it easier for you to compromise while still helping you achieve and complete your decorating ideas.

Cost of Minor Decorating Versus Vacancy

If you havent moved in yet, you may want to ask your potential landlord to weigh the pros and cons of having you paint versus having the apartment sit vacant for who knows how long. In some instances, the prospect of having no income is more woeful than putting up a little bit of paint.

Having an apartment isnt necessarily a death sentence for your decorating ideas. If youre willing to do a little work, it is possible to convince your landlord to allow to you add a little flair to your space through paint, wall decor or curtains.

Essentiality Of Glass In Picture Framing

Picture framing is a very essential part of decorating or increasing the beauty of any photograph or painting. Pictures are creations that have always received immense appreciation. Picture framing is not a very new concept. Some pictures are age old and they need to be protected. On the other hand, certain paintings are only a few days or weeks or probably some years old yet they can be devoured unless they are protected by picture frames. The essential part of picture framing is the selection of a suitable frame.

If some bright colors have been used in the pictures or photographs then the frame can be of simple dcor or it may contain some very ordinary designs. The objective of the frame should be to enhance the beauty of the photograph or picture. In no way should the frame become more attractive to the viewer than the picture itself. This is because the picture is a creation of an artist and the hard work that has gone into it to prepare the wonderful painting must be respected and honored. Another important factor that needs attention is the material that should be used for picture framing. Since historical ages, people have valued metal frames more than other kind of materials.

The traditional types of frames are made of gold, silver, copper, brass as well as several other valuable metals. In todays world, people have shifted their preferences from heavy metals that meant a lot of money to the some less expensive materials like wood, plastic, polystyrene, sea shell, some light metals like aluminum, etc. earlier frames used to be of elaborate decorations but today they contain simple patterns that suits the dcor of a simple room. Decorations on the frames included gilding or plastering or at times, both were used to increase the beauty of the frame. The frames can be of any colour or any texture. The choice of the material depends on the taste and preferences of the individual who wishes to frame the beautiful painting or the photograph.

The most essential part of picture framing is the glass cover on the painting. Some paintings are made of highly durable colors and in that case, there is hardly any necessity for protecting the painting with a glass covering. The picture is beautified by the frame alone. However, there may be instances when the coloring material used in the paintings has low durability. Therefore, these paintings do not last for long. Therefore, it is very important to ensure that a covering is provided on the picture and it is important to make sure that the kinds of glass being used will not tamper the painting in any way. Paintings that have used water color need to be protected on the other hand there is practically no need of picture framing oil painted pictures. The glass being used for picture framing can be coated with anti reflecting substance such that the presence of glass is not felt under some lighting conditions.

Canvas Painting For Beginners How To Prime A New Canvas

Beginner artists must learn how to prime a new canvas before even a drop of paint is applied. This process neutralizes the materials natural tan hue so that it does not undesirably alter the overall coloring of the final painting. Priming also serves to create an even look to the final painting by making the surface smooth and non-porous. Here are simple instructions and tips for learning how to prime a canvas.

The Materials and Tools Needed For Priming a Canvas

1. Gesso – is a thick white liquid canvas primer that can be found at art supply stores. While there are other primers that are clear or color tinted, the white variety of Gesso, as described in this article, is the most common.

2. Paint Stirrer – used to thoroughly mix water or some other thinning agent with Gesso.

3. Plastic Container – this needs to be large enough to allow room to add a thinning agent if desired.

4. Gesso Application Brush – this brush has nylon bristles that can be easily washed with soap and water when finished.

5. Thinning agent and water are used to make the Gesso spread more easily and produce a smoother surface than would be possible using it straight out of the bottle.

6. Fine Sandpaper and a soft cloth – this is to be used to sand a dry, hardened layer of primer on the canvas before applying the next layer. The dampened soft cloth is used to remove the sanding dust before applying another layer of primer.

Instructions For Priming a Canvas

Tip: It is important to note that the Gesso formula commonly used today behaves in a similar way to fast drying water soluble acrylic paint. When Gesso dries it is no longer water soluble. This means that you need to keep your brush damp with water to prevent the primer from sticking to the brush as it dries. Also do not dump excess primer down the sinks drain because when it dries in the trap it can produce a serious clog. Paint fast and clean your brush immediately after and you should not have much trouble.

Dilute the Gesso – For a relatively rough texture apply only one coat of undiluted Gesso right out of the bottle. For a smoother finish apply two thin coats of slightly diluted primer to the canvas.

Water is usually used to thin the primer. The ideal ratio of Gesso to water mix should be indicated on the bottle label. Too much water can cause the primer to crack on the canvas when dry. It is possible to use a 3-way mixture of water, Gesso and a special medium that prevents cracking. Ask at a local art store for recommendations.

Tip: To prevent contamination, never dilute the Gesso in its original bottle or pour unused primer back in the bottle. For the same reason do not dip the paint brush directly into the Gesso factory container. Instead pour only what you will need for one canvas into a separate plastic mixing container. Throw away what you do not use instead of returning it to the bottle.

Brush Pattern: The first coat should be painted with left to right parallel brush strokes. The second coat should be brushed from top to bottom.

Sand after the first coat: sand the canvas with very fine sandpaper after the first coat of Gesso has dried for an hour or so. This is then followed by wiping off the fine sanding dust with a slightly damp soft cloth before applying the next coat.

Drying Time: Depending on the humidity levels in the studio, let the first coat dry at least an hour or two. The second or final coat should be allowed to dry for 24 hours before beginning the painting. Always let the canvas dry while laying flat to prevent the wet Gesso from running.

Preparing a canvas to last for many years requires special priming techniques like adding a dilute formaldehyde solution to the back of the canvas to prevent bacterial decay. It is interesting to note that some of the old Masters would actually let a primed canvas stabilize for 6 months to a year before adding paint. However, these advanced techniques for learning to prime a new canvas are beyond the scope of this article.

Is Digital Art Real Art

The Internet has become a worldwide marketplace where virtually everything is peddled online ranging from books, movie tickets, and kitchen gadgets to automobiles, luxury cruises, and fine art. No matter what youre in the market for, youll find it online. When it comes to browsing online art galleries, youre likely to come across examples of both fine art and digital art. But whats the difference? And is digital art real art?

To better understand the differences between fine and digital art, lets first define fine art. According to Merriam Websters Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition, fine art is defined as: Art (as painting, sculpture, or music) concerned primarily with the creation of beautiful objects.

Now, lets define digital art. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia explains that digital art is a contemporary art form where computer technology is manipulated to create distinctive works.

With those definitions in mind, a beautiful oil painting is considered fine art while a breathtaking collage of electronic images would be considered digital art. While you may be able to reach out and touch the brushstrokes on a painting or feel the contours of a sculpture, digital art tends to be less tangible, often appearing on a computer monitor or video display. Thus, the question often arises as to its legitimacy as a real art form.

Digital art also suffers from a perception that, because the artwork is created on a computer, it has less value than a one-of-a-kind object of fine art. Photographers encountered these same perceptions as a single photographic negative or slide is capable of creating countless identical copies of the image. While a digital artist could theoretically mass produce digital art, many digital artists have adopted the same techniques that photographers and lithographers have used successfully: limited editions.

The way that viewers interact with fine art and digital art is different as well. For the most part, looking at fine art is a static experience. Sure, the piece may evoke strong emotions as you look at it, but the experience is primarily visual. Digital art often incorporates multiple images, transitions, audio, and video; the artwork may change based on the viewers actions or movements, especially if touch screens or integrated video cameras are involved.

While fine art is displayed on walls, book shelves, pedestals, and other areas where you can enjoy it, digital art often requires electronic displays. Static digital artwork can be printed on paper or canvas and hung like traditional fine art paintings while multimedia artwork needs a suitable display such as a computer. Digital picture frames and flat panel TVs with suitable inputs open digital artwork display possibilities that didnt exist just a few years ago.

Clearly, fine art and digital art have their differences. But is digital art real art? To answer that question, ask the following questions when looking at a piece of digital art: Is it beautiful? Does it evoke emotions? If you answer yes to either of these questions, the digital art is indeed real art.

Govett-Brewster Art Gallery New Plymouth – Contemporary Art in New Zealand

Situated in the south western quadrant of the Pacific Ocean, New Zealand is a tranquil haven of lush forests and misty mountains. The country consists of two major landmasses, the South Island and the North Island, as well as several smaller islands. It is the ideal vacation spot for those who need a break from the monotony of the cityscape. There are plenty of activities for those who love the outdoors. Tourists can trek through gorgeous forest paths, cycle along winding mountain roads and try out a number of adventure sports. As for those who prefer the indoors, New Zealand has a number of art galleries and museums to explore.

The Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, situated in New Plymouth, Taranaki is an internationally recognised museum for contemporary art. The Govett-Brewster Art Gallery is named after Monica Brewster (nee Govett) whose bequest to the town made the gallery possible. Opened in 1970, the gallery is primarily supported by the New Plymouth District Council. The gallery contains eight unique exhibition spaces where an ever changing body of contemporary artworks are displayed. In addition to art displays, the art gallery also hosts programs such as lectures, forums and film screenings. The gallery aims to discover new artists and encourage new pieces of work, and was awarded the Governor’s Award by the Arts Foundation of New Zealand in 2009.

One can find a vast and eclectic collection of artwork here including works by prominent artists as well as newly discovered ones. The centre is the caretaker of the Len Lye Collection and Archive, Len Lye being a prominent local painter and sculptor. The gallery is open from 10 am to 5 pm every day except Christmas Day. Although admission is free visitors can donate money for the maintenance of the gallery.

Tourists looking for New Plymouth hotels can try the Millennium & Copthorne Hotels NZ which has several New Zealand hotels. Boasting a myriad of useful services and an army of friendly staff, the hotel is bound to make guests feel at home. The hotel also has a central location close to many of the city’s popular attractions and will definitely cut down on travel time.

Online San Diego Art Gallery A New Age Art Gallery

With the passing time even art galleries have expanded and entered online market. You can now locate the best San Diego art gallery in the online market.

Things have changed a lot since years. Gone are those days when people use to spend loads of time in the San Diego art gallery to buy a painting for their house decor. These days all such art galleries have moved online. The traditional art galleries are now being replaced by the online art galleries there is a lot of difference between online art galleries and traditional art galleries. A small brief about these differences is stated below.

All the art lovers have now found out best solution for finding the best paintings without much of pain. With the help of online San Diego art gallery they can now buy paintings through the web only. Unlike traditional art galleries with such type of online galleries you can go beyond the national boundaries and buy the best paintings from any corner of the world. Thus national boundaries are no more a problem for the art lovers.

The online San Diego art gallery considered to be a virtual podium to buy and sell paintings. It has not just added convenience for buyers but also for artist who wish to sell their paintings. This market is booming with the passing time. Earlier when there was the time of traditional art galleries only few chosen people used to get into these deals. However from the time the online galleries are in picture the market for these paintings.

The biggest fear of purchasing from a traditional San Diego art gallery will be the non-authentication of the paintings and pictures which is not possible with online galleries. You will never come to know whether you are buying original or fake paintings from the traditional galleries unless and until it is an well known and reputed place. But online galleries offer you paintings from well known artists and they are completely authenticated. Thus it is easy to rely on them.

Payment at the traditional art gallery is a very big problem. Normally these paintings are a bit expensive. It is therefore a very risky way to buy a painting. On the other hand when you buy from an online art gallery the payment will not be a problem for you. It is easy, trustworthy and fast option. Moreover the online market is full of discounts and offers. Thus you will also get a chance to avail discounts from the online art galleries which is not very often with the traditional san diego art gallery.

Hand Drawing In Architectural Training Its Role In A Technologically Driven World

Educators frequently ask whether hand drawing in architectural education adds to the curriculum. It is an interesting question since this topic centers on the technology used to create a rendering rather than the fact that architecture itself is frequently characterized as both an art and a science.

With this in mind, it helps to look at what an architectural drawing offers. Whether created by hand or with a CAD editor, the goal of a rendering is to represent on a flat plan, or in 2-dimensions, something that is actually 3-dimensional. A successful drawing will convincingly capture the depth of the physical world.

Both computer driven and hands-on practices can achieve good results. What a teacher wants to do in the classroom, however, is help a student internalize what it takes to accurately translate the geometry of a physical space accurately. Internalizing the rules of projection and linear perspective, some argue, is more likely when the student wrestles directly with how to represent what is seen.

Indeed, those who argue for a technologically driven classroom cite time saved as a recommendation. By contrast, the other view is that a software program necessitates learning a set of rules that may not even have the capacity to produce the desired results in every case.

When drawing with a pencil, one can also focus on the work itself. There are no printing problems to distract the architectural student. Since there is also no software to learn, the knowledge will not become outdated when an update is issued to the program.

Course that teach hand drawing in architectural education have a long history. Recent debates have challenged this part of the curriculum and predicted it will die out. Yet, because some still cherish the kind of advance planning and complex thinking of the older methods, the debates continue.